When it comes to fire safety for your business or residence, an egress system is just as important as having the right exits, especially in the event of a fire. The word “exit” is very important in this circumstance. You need to know how to get out. A good design for an egress system not only ensures your business or residence is secure, but can also make sure that everyone gets out safely.
Basically, an egress system is a combination of a Frame Door, Window Well, Ladder, Grille, and Cover. They can usually be installed in either new construction or retro-fit situations. The secret to how egress system’s function is that you can exit from within the house in the event of an emergency, while still being able to send a first responder in to provide assistance as needed.
There are several components that make up the basics of an egress system. First, the frame door and window systems work together. Then, the next layer is a heavy duty window that cover the opening, and a series of windows that run from each side of the opening to cover the area where the door ends. All of these pieces are fitted into one frame that runs vertically through the house. The bottom part of the frame provides support for the heavy duty doors.
In some situations, however, you may need to modify your existing code to allow for the installation of egress doors. For example, local building codes in New York City are set in place to control the maximum occupant load that can be supported by any single story of residential housing. If your current dwelling does not meet the criteria of these building codes, it is best to contact your local Building Department to discuss possible alterations to the building’s existing code. The purpose of the regulations is to prevent structural damage and promote fire safety. Regardless of what the building code in your area may currently dictate, there is no question that a new or modified code will make the building safe for everyone who lives there.
Next, we consider the design of the building as it stands now. When constructing a home, the home’s foundation will usually form the backbone of the house. Many localities require that egress ways be carefully planned to allow the maximum occupant load to pass through safely. Foundation stairways and ramps should always be constructed with safety features in mind. However, there is no reason to constrain the type of staircase design that a home can have. For example, you may want to allow more than two stories for the average family, but you do not have to.
As the owner of a residential dwelling, you have the ability to determine the type of structure you wish to build. In most cases, the current building code requirements will force the builder to adhere to these guidelines. Even if you decide to modify the stairway or provide more space between floors for an upstairs tenant, your original plan should remain intact. The only exception to this policy is if you are adding on another floor to your dwelling.
Egress systems should include a door for each floor. This will ensure that multiple people can safely exit the building without falling down the stairs or becoming trapped between floors. The door’s locking mechanism should also be carefully considered. Most exit doors will require a key to operate the door from either side. The key should be kept within the building in a safe location, and all emergency numbers should be stored in a fire escape plan in case of the emergency.
Finally, consider the type of drainage system that will be required to manage the water that will be released through your new egress door. In general, egress doors should not leak. However, you should take into account factors such as ceiling heights and building construction when determining whether the system needs to be modified or maintained. You should also make sure that the drainage system is shut off in the event of a fire. Proper drainage is essential to protecting your building occupants.