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What Are Sump Pumps and How Do They Work?

Sump pumps are typically a special appliance designed to pump water out of a building from under it in case of extreme flood or sump levels. Sump pumps can be hydraulic or mechanical. They’re designed to remove excess floodwater and contain it in sump pits. Many homeowners are also very familiar with sump pumps concerning preventing basement floods in case of extreme weather, high water levels in low-lying regions, or other similar reasons.

There are three main types of sump pumps that you can install in your basement: submersible, pedestal, and portable. A submersible pump is usually located below ground level and it has an outer shaft and a diving shaft. The inner shaft is usually placed inside a pit. A submersible pump is generally powered by electricity. A pedestal pump can be installed almost anywhere in your basement while a portable pump needs to be installed in a sump pit outside.

Installing incorrect plumbing can be a number one cause of excess water accumulating in your basement. This type of plumbing is generally made of copper pipes or even PVC pipe. The PVC pipes, however, are considered to be the worst kind of plumbing as they have the potential to corrode over time, which will lead to flooding. Installing faulty plumbing is also one of the top sump pump mistakes that homeowners make.

Another mistake that people make when installing submersible pumps is placing the motor too close to their plumbing pipes or sump pumps. Sometimes the motor can sit too high, which can make the water level rise too rapidly. Plumbing can get damaged because the motor is oftentimes overheated or under heated, causing the pipes to burst. While some sump pumps come with a waterproof fan connected to the system, this is not always the best option. Using a fan is not only bad for the motor; it can also cause your pipes to become blocked and lead to more water accumulating in your basement.

Leaking sump pumps are a problem that can be avoided with proper installation. When you’re doing the installation yourself, you need to pay special attention to the direction of the pipe water flows through. Because you can’t see all the pipes that you’re planning to put into the hole, it’s important to know what you need to do to ensure the pipe doesn’t leak. Knowing how the installation should flow will help you avoid making the wrong decision when it comes to installing your new device.

The last common mistake people make when installing sump pumps is failing to properly set the discharge pipe drain line. It is imperative that this drain line be set correctly to prevent debris from being flushed down the toilet and risking a backflow of sewage into the basement. You should always set the discharge pipe to discharge water away from the house. If you don’t, you run the risk of water cascading toward the house, which can lead to rotting wood and other hazards. Knowing how to set this drain will help you make sure your sump pumps and sewage system work as it should.

Installing sump pumps in your home will increase the amount of comfort and safety that you have in your home. When your basement floods, you can’t sit and protect things like your jewelry or your grandkids. Not having that much money to spare on insurance policies can force you to use your basement as a storage area for these items. This can end up being dangerous for you and your family. To avoid having to deal with excess water in your basements, you should learn how to properly install your sump pumps.

Having excess moisture is also a health hazard. If you have wooden floors in your house, they can easily warp when you flood the room. Without a way to get rid of the water, mold can grow and spread throughout the house. If you are careful when you are cleaning up water, you shouldn’t have much of a problem with molds. Keep in mind that it is not always necessary to clean up a sump pump, just make sure you are taking care of the drainage issues in your home.