A sump pump is usually a specialized device designed to pump water out of a pit, usually located below ground level, from a lower level to an upper area. Most homeowners are familiar with sump pumps, particularly in the case of preventing potential basement flooding due to high water levels in low-level areas, high water table elevations in high-risk areas, and other reasons. However, many people don’t know how to install a sump pump properly. This article provides basic information on how to do so.
When undertaking sump pump installation, it’s important that all plumbing, electrical and insulating materials are prepared beforehand. Sump pit and discharge pipe work should be installed to prevent water from flowing away from the basement floor. This is achieved by placing drains inside the pit or by installing discharge pipes above the hole. Discharge lines are usually placed under the house or in a trench or deep borehole. The depth of the hole determines how deep the pipe drain can be inserted into.
The size and materials of the pit should match the capacity of the pump. This ensures adequate drainage and prevents back pressure. Aside from that, a larger pit allows for more weight to be placed in it to hold the water back. Sump pumps can have a variety of horsepower and discharge volumes; the larger ones can handle even greater water pressures.
Another option when choosing sump pumps is the pedestal type. A pedestal pump normally consists of two chambers, the upper chamber containing a large collection container and the lower one with a small pump. They are ideal for sump pumps that are located in basements where submersibles or wooden blocks cannot be installed. However, pedestal type pumps can also pose a safety risk because of their height. If an area adjacent to the pit experiences strong winds, the submersible pump can malfunction as a result of the debris being blown out into the drainage system.
If your basement receives excessive water, then sump pumps without a pump box may be necessary. You can either purchase one separately or make sure that it fits properly in your drainage system. It is essential to make sure that it is installed properly and securely because it can help prevent the buildup of solid debris in your cellar. In fact, it is best to place the sump pump installation within five feet of the surface level. This way, the debris will be pushed to the side and away from the pipes, preventing it from clogging.
When using sump pumps to reduce flooding in your home, you should consider making changes to your home structure. For instance, placing furniture against the walls will prevent it from absorbing excess water. Likewise, make sure that doors and windows can drain off to the outside. It is also a good idea to place drains on your sewer lines to prevent standing water in your home.
Installing sump pumps should not be done by amateurs. Therefore, you should consult with a professional plumber prior to installing it. He will install the piping and submersible pumps according to the manufacturer’s instructions. He will also explain the proper way to use them and where to find maintenance information. If you do not have any knowledge about plumbing, then you should hire a professional to do the installation for you.
Although most sump pumps have discharge valves, some still allow water to flow into the drainage pipes. This can lead to mold growth and can be very harmful to your health. Therefore, you should make sure that your drainage pipes are properly connected to the main sewer line and that there are no leaks. If you discover any leaks or cracks, make sure to immediately repair it or else it can lead to the overflow of water inside your basement.