Basement cracks can sneak up on you without you even being aware of them. Cracks in the foundation of a basement are red flags for many things. Foundation problems can mean the difference between a safe home and one that is not. Before you think about fixing your basement, reach out and get your basement tested by a qualified professional.
Cracks in your basement walls can mean there is significant movement in the soil around your home. If left unchecked, this motion can mean your walls, floor, and foundation are being compromised by soil that is moving. Often, this means that your home is moving and cause foundation problems in your home. In extreme cases, basement cracks can indicate major structural damage to your home.
Basement cracks that run along basement walls are most often caused by soil shifting. The soil along basement walls moves, especially during certain times of the year. During a strong cold winter, the earth will settle and form cracks. During a milder, more humid summer, the earth will settle and form cracks again.
It is important to keep in mind that drywall crack problems will not fix any foundation problems or move your home forward. Any drywall crack will not prevent you from having to replace the drywall. This will cost you an unnecessary expense and delay the time it takes for you to have your foundation repair completed. In fact, a drywall crack can actually make your foundation repair more expensive, as well as delay your progress. Any drywall crack can also become a bigger problem.
Basement cracks can be repaired with either an epoxy or drywall compound. Epoxy is considered a stronger product than drywall compound, but both are capable of repairing minor cracks. There are some cases where applying epoxy to a crack is not sufficient. When this happens, it may be necessary to apply a low-pressure injection into the crack to permanently fill it and prevent future cracking.
For basement walls located in areas with historic historical value, it may be necessary to have additional reinforcements such as concrete blocks installed to permanently reinforce concrete walls. Some historic homes were built with basements that were lined with bricks or stone and then they were laid with bricks or stone. Over time, the mortar joints deteriorated, and the blocks were replaced over time by smaller floor tiles. As a result, the mortar joints between the blocks are weaker than they should be and are more susceptible to cracking.
Low-pressure injections are very effective at filling in small cracks in basement wall surfaces. However, these are not good for all cracks, so it may be necessary to choose an epoxy cure for your basement wall repair project. Epoxy can be applied using a manual injector or you can use a pump-based injector system. Either system can give you very good results when curing small cracks in your foundation.
Basement wall deterioration comes from two sources – vertical cracks and horizontal cracks. Vertical cracks occur when the bottom of a wall slab moves toward the edge of the wall. Horizontal cracks occur when the top of a wall slab begins to move toward the edge of the wall. The type of damage (vertical or horizontal) is often determined by inspecting the exterior of the wall and seeing if the bottom of the wall slab moves toward the exterior. In addition, vertical cracks often indicate a problem with the framing, because vertical cracks can occur where framing has been weakened and eventually allowed to move toward the outside. This can weaken the support for the framing, causing the framing to move toward the outside of the wall.