Floor drains are important to a variety of situations. In the home, they help keep the environment clean, as well as removing excess moisture, which can lead to damage to the carpet and other areas of the floor. In the commercial sector, floor drains are used to prevent flood waters from rising up from the ground or surrounding area. These drains help keep the surrounding ground from being damaged by heavy water, which could lead to mud and debris being carried away. There are a number of different types of drains, and here is a general list of the main categories.
Inside Floor Drains: These are typically long, skinny fixtures that snake their way throughout a room or building. Inside floor drains are typically placed toward the door, to take the waste water from the floor and funnel it into the appropriate pipes. Inside fixtures include tongue-and-groove, gravity-flow, and cartridge systems. They tend to be very long and narrow, with some models reaching four feet. Most of them require large amounts of dirt to be removed, which can be quite difficult, leading to a cleanout schedule. Some inside floor drains are equipped with stoppers to keep soil and other materials out.
Outside Floor Drains: Outside floor drains are often installed alongside the septic tank, in order to drain away the excess sewage water that seeps into the soil. They can also serve as a type of water heater. This is one reason why new construction is required for this system. Old homes that have no plumbing system installed will need to have one installed before the house can be finished.
Inside Floor Drains: These are typically long, skinny fixtures that snake their way throughout an interior floor drain system. Inside ones must be plugged at the point they reach the sewer line, because they can cause damage to the pipe. A popular type of inside drain plug is called a cleanout plug. This is used to prevent sewer gas from leaking into the house. Cleanout plugs are available in different shapes, depending on where they are supposed to be installed.
Backwater Valves: Backwater valves can either be front-set or top-set. They mount inside a trap, similar to a standard floor drain. The trap then sucks up waste water from the floor drains and dumps it back into the sewer system. A backwater valve has two parts: an inlet trap and an outlet trap. An inlet trap is usually located at the top of the backwater valve, while an outlet trap can be located at one end of the backwater valve.
Trap Primers: Trap primers are typically used to open the trap in a backwater valve. The plumbing service that installs the system will take a core sample of the trap. The sample will contain hydrogen sulfide and other gases that can indicate leaks. Once the homeowner finds out if there are any leaks in their system, the plumbing service will install trap primers on each floor drain as necessary.
Floor Drain Choppers: Floor drains are typically installed when the house has just been constructed or when there’s a significant amount of foot traffic in the house. There are many different types of floor drains available for various applications, including household toilets, sports toilets, outdoor lavatories and more. Each floor drain connects to a sewer line and is placed in an area that receives the highest amount of foot traffic. For example, if the bathroom is located on the second floor and receives a lot of foot traffic, an indoor toilet or shower drain will be installed over a floor drain. If the bathroom is on the first floor and receives very little foot traffic, an outdoor toilet or shower drain will be installed over an outdoor floor drain.
There are also many different features that come along with floor drains, including common features such as light switches that turn the water off when standing water is detected. The water heater can be designed in such a way as to prevent the possibility of a leak or overflow. The water flow is typically made to be slower than normal. Floor drains are typically made from either concrete or pvc, which make them easier to install and easier to maintain. With all of these benefits, it’s not surprising that basement floor drains are extremely popular and are responsible for removing thousands of gallons of standing water every single day.