Sump pumps are a special appliance designed to lower water levels in a basement by diverting floodwater from a sump pit to a higher level. Sump pumps are often used together with sump hangers to prevent the water from rising past the lowest floor level. Many homeowners are also familiar with sump pumps as a requirement in basement waterproofing, in case of severe floods in areas prone to sump, high water levels in low-level areas, or other compelling reasons. But sump pump installation may also be required in other circumstances where your basement needs additional protection against flooding.
A typical sump pump installation may include installation of a sump guard, also known as a float activator. A float activator is an essential component of all sump pumps, which prevents the water level from rising above the pump’s head. The float activator provides this additional layer of protection against potential flooding, by maintaining a constant water level at the pump’s head and preventing the water level from descending too far. Sump pumps with float activators are typically more expensive than ones without.
Other sump pumps commonly available in plumbing stores are submersible sump pumps. Submersible pumps are considered the safest among all types of sump pumps, as they have larger capacity than their submersible cousins. However, unlike submersibles, pedestal sump pumps do not require the use of a pedestal drain in order to function. This makes them less expensive and more energy-efficient than their submersible cousins. In addition, unlike pedestal pumps, submersibles have no external moving parts, which significantly reduces the risk of mechanical failure.
Another type of sump pump that can be used to prevent flooding is the battery backup sump pump. The simplest of these systems work by using a series of lead acid flooded batteries to provide backup power. The most advanced battery backup sump pumps run on regular 12-volt household electricity and are usually considered “green” electricity because they do not release toxic chemicals into the air when they are in use. This type of sump pump requires a normal electric outlet in order to be effective. If an outlet is not available, the system will need to be plugged into an outlet using an extension cord.
All sump pumps should be installed according to local building codes. A plumber or homeowner with experience in this area will be able to explain exactly what the code requires. Before the pump is installed, it will be located inside the pit. Once it is in place, a depth finder will be used to determine the exact depth of the pit, and a rubber foundation level will be installed in order to ensure that the sump pumps will operate properly.
One of the most important parts of sump pump installation is making sure that the pit is completely level. Most basement water problems are easily fixed by adjusting the pit’s slope toward the house. If the water level rises above the pit, it can cause damage to the floor joists, floor insulation, and ceiling fan, which are all delicate and expensive parts of any home.
Once installation is complete, make sure that you have removed all objects from the pit. Some sump pumps are made to remove debris while others are made to let them slide gently into the hole. Make sure that you have taken all precautions necessary to prevent flooding by removing any objects that might clog the drain or pit. Also check the outlet pipes and make sure that they are clear from debris and that they’re connected to the drainage system. Sometimes water will seep into a pipe without an outlet and will create a mess in the house. It’s important to always keep the pipes clean!
Finally, when your sump pumps are installed you need to install a GFCI protection device. These are built into the pump and they protect against electrocution. They are usually easy to install and can be located in one of the three places mentioned earlier on the box. With a GFCI protection device in place you can be safe in the knowledge that should a power outage occur the sump pumps will still be operational. This will give you peace of mind, as well as making sure that emergency personnel are notified quickly, which could mean the difference between life and death.